Today in Celtic History
January 19, 1643

Battle of Braddock Downs.

January 19, 1643

Battle of Braddock Downs, Cromwellian army defeated by Cornish Royalists

Hopton and Grenville defeat Patrick Ruthin's pursuing Parliamentary force at Braddock Down in Cornwall. Ruthin is defeated before the Earl of Stamford can join him with the reinforcements, and is a blow for Roundhead hopes in the West Country. Cornwall is secured for the King.

Upon discovering the enemy already drawn up in battle array on Braddock Down, Hopton quickly deployed his own troops in the standard arrangement, with the infantry flanked by cavalry on both wings.

The two armies faced each other on opposing ridges across a small valley. To begin with the two sides exchanged fire, but neither seemed willing to give up the advantage of their relative positions. Eventually Hopton tired of this and after firing the two cannon led his entire army down into the valley and charged up the other side. The Parliamentarians where overwhelmed almost immediately. Standing to fire only a single volley, they took to their heels and fled. Ruthvin left parliamentarian musketeers lining the hedges on the road towards Liskeard, to protect the retreat, but these were soon flushed out and the rout was complete. The royalists continued the pursuit into Liskeard where the townspeople welcomed them.

The parliamentarians had lost their baggage train and several artillery pieces, as well as perhaps 200 men killed and as many as 1,500 taken prisoner.

What else happened today on January 19

January 19, 1736
James Watt, Scottish steam engine inventor, born
January 19, 1739
Birth of Arthur Wolfe, 1st Viscount Kilwarden and Lord Chief Justice in Forenaghts, Co. Kildare
January 19, 1746
Bonnie Prince Charlie’s troops occupy Stirling
January 19, 1787
Birth in Cork of Mary Aikenhead, founder of the Irish Sisters of Charity and St. Vincent’s Hospital Dublin
January 19, 1793
Hugh Cane, MP for Tallow, dies from a fall down stairs
January 19, 1920
IRA attacks Drombrane barracks, Co. Tipperary
January 19, 1964
Birth of Richard Dunwoody, jockey, in Comber, Co. Down
January 19, 825
Iona raided for second time by Norsemen.