Battle of Braddock Downs.
January 19, 1643
Battle of Braddock Downs, Cromwellian army defeated by Cornish Royalists
Hopton and Grenville defeat Patrick Ruthin's pursuing Parliamentary force at Braddock Down in Cornwall. Ruthin is defeated before the Earl of Stamford can join him with the reinforcements, and is a blow for Roundhead hopes in the West Country. Cornwall is secured for the King.
Upon discovering the enemy already drawn up in battle array on Braddock Down, Hopton quickly deployed his own troops in the standard arrangement, with the infantry flanked by cavalry on both wings.
The two armies faced each other on opposing ridges across a small valley. To begin with the two sides exchanged fire, but neither seemed willing to give up the advantage of their relative positions. Eventually Hopton tired of this and after firing the two cannon led his entire army down into the valley and charged up the other side. The Parliamentarians where overwhelmed almost immediately. Standing to fire only a single volley, they took to their heels and fled. Ruthvin left parliamentarian musketeers lining the hedges on the road towards Liskeard, to protect the retreat, but these were soon flushed out and the rout was complete. The royalists continued the pursuit into Liskeard where the townspeople welcomed them.
The parliamentarians had lost their baggage train and several artillery pieces, as well as perhaps 200 men killed and as many as 1,500 taken prisoner.
What else happened today on January 19
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- James Watt, Scottish steam engine inventor, born
- January 19, 1739
- Birth of Arthur Wolfe, 1st Viscount Kilwarden and Lord Chief Justice in Forenaghts, Co. Kildare
- January 19, 1746
- Bonnie Prince Charlie’s troops occupy Stirling
- January 19, 1787
- Birth in Cork of Mary Aikenhead, founder of the Irish Sisters of Charity and St. Vincent’s Hospital Dublin
- January 19, 1793
- Hugh Cane, MP for Tallow, dies from a fall down stairs
- January 19, 1920
- IRA attacks Drombrane barracks, Co. Tipperary
- January 19, 1964
- Birth of Richard Dunwoody, jockey, in Comber, Co. Down
- January 19, 825
- Iona raided for second time by Norsemen.